Reich Гјbersetzung Symbol FГјr Reichtum Und Wohlstand Video
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Nevertheless, when Germany was reunited in the term "German Reich " was not revived as a title for the Berlin Republic.
The German word Reich translates to the English word "empire" it also translates to such words as "realm" or "domain". However, this translation was not used throughout the full existence of the German Reich.
Historically, only Germany from to — when Germany was under the rule of an emperor Kaiser — is known in English as the "German Empire" Deutsches Kaiserreich in German historiography , while the term "German Reich" describes Germany from to Bavaria and Saxony were united with Prussia under imperial rule, by the Hohenzollern dynasty.
The title "German Emperor" was a compromise; Wilhelm I had wanted the title of "Emperor of Germany", but Bismarck refused this, so as to avoid implying a claim to extended monarchical authority over non-Prussian German kingdoms.
On 14 April , the Reichstag parliament passed the Constitution of the German Empire Verfassung des Deutschen Reiches , which was published two days later.
However, originating from the North German Confederation , the Empire never comprised all "German" lands; as it excluded Luxembourg , and those Cisleithanian crown lands of Austria-Hungary which had been part of the former German Confederation until Moreover, it included the whole of the Kingdom of Prussia , the eastern parts of which had never been included in historic German lands.
The unification under Prussian leadership manifested Bismarck's "Lesser German" solution of the German question after the Austro-Prussian War of , realised with the support of his national liberal allies.
On the other hand, the German Reich of comprised extended Prussian territories with large non-German sections of the population, like Posen , West Prussia or Schleswig , and also territories with predominantly German populations which had never been constitutionally "German", such as East Prussia.
Bismarck was otherwise unable, however, to avoid the term German Reich acquiring connotations from the English term "empire" or the Dutch term "rijk"; especially in emulation of late 19th century Imperialism , as exemplified by the British Empire , the Dutch Empire and the French colonial empire.
Although a latecomer and against Bismarck's pleading , the German Empire established colonies in modern Togo , Cameroon , Namibia , Tanzania and Polynesia ; with an extensive naval capability to support these.
At the same time strong Pan-Germanic political forces emerged, pressing for the borders of the Reich to be extended into a German-led central European multi-ethnic empire, emulating and rivalling Imperial Russia to the east.
Apart from official documents, post-World War I Germany was referred to as the "German Reich" — never as the "German Empire" — for example, by British politicians  —and the word "Reich" was used untranslated by Allied prosecutors throughout the Nuremberg Trials , with "German Empire" only used to describe Germany before it became a federal republic in At the Unification of Germany aside from Austria , the Reich was established constitutionally as a federation of monarchies, each having entered the federation with a defined territory; and consequently the unitary nationalism of the 'German Reich' was initially specified at Article 1 of the constitution in territorial terms, as the lands within the former boundaries of this particular subset of German monarchies.
This transition became formalised in the constitution of the Weimar Republic ,  where Article 1 identifies the Reich as deriving its authority from the German national people, while Article 2 identifies the state territory under the Reich as the lands which, at the time of the constitution's adoption, were within the authority of the German state.
The identity of Reich and people ran both ways—not only did the institutions of the German state derive their legitimacy from the German people, so, too, the German people derived their inherent identity and patriotic duties from their being collectively constituted as an organ and institution of the German Reich.
The — republic , which was also called German Reich, was ignored and denounced by the Nazis as a historical aberration. The name "Weimar Republic" was first used in after Hitler referred to the period as the " Republik von Weimar " Republic of Weimar at a rally in Munich with the term later becoming mainstream during the s both within and outside Germany.
A book entitled Das Dritte Reich by Arthur Moeller van den Bruck  counted the medieval Holy Roman Empire as the first and the — monarchy as the second, which was then to be followed by a "reinvigorated" third one.
On 8 May , with the capitulation of the German armed forces, the supreme command of the Wehrmacht was handed over to the Allies.
The Allies refused to recognise Karl Dönitz as Reichspräsident or to recognise the legitimacy of his Flensburg Government so-called because it was based at Flensburg and controlled only a small area around the town and, on 5 June , the four powers signed the Berlin Declaration and assumed de jure supreme authority with respect to Germany.
At the Potsdam Conference , Allied-occupied Germany was defined as comprising "Germany as a whole"; and was divided into British , French , American and Soviet occupation zones; while the Allied Powers exercised the state authority assumed by the Berlin Declaration in transferring the former eastern territories of the German Reich east of the Oder—Neisse line to the Republic of Poland and the Soviet Union.
The court ruled that since the Federal Republic FRG had been partially identical with the German Reich and not merely its successor.
This was explained as being because the German Democratic Republic was beyond FRG authority and because the Allied powers still had jurisdiction where "Germany as a whole" was concerned.
Nevertheless, the Court insisted that within the territory of the Federal Republic, the GDR could only be considered as one de jure German state amongst others, on the analogy of the pre-existing de jure German states that in had come together as the Federal Republic; and hence, like them, could never be accorded by the organs of the Federal Republic full recognition as a state in international law; even though the Federal Constitutional Court recognised that, within international law, the GDR was indeed an independent sovereign state.
The constitutional status of the GDR under the Basic Law still differed from that of the Länder of the Federal Republic, in that the GDR had not declared its accession to the Basic Law; but the Constitutional Court maintained that the Basic Treaty was consistent with the GDR declaring its accession at some time in the future in accordance with its own constitution; and hence the Court determined that in recognising the GDR as a de jure German State, the Basic Treaty could be interpreted as facilitating the reunification of the German Reich as indeed it eventually did.
So long as any de jure German state remained separated from the rest, the German Reich could continue to exist only in suspension; but should the GDR be reunited with the Federal Republic, the Reich would once more be fully capable of action as a sovereign state.
After , however, the claimed identity of the Federal Republic with the German Reich was not recognised by most other countries of the world.
The Soviet Union, the three Western allies, and most other Western countries regarded the German Reich as still being one nation — not synonymous with either the West or East German state but rather the two states in collective.
Other countries tended to regard the German Reich as having been divided into two distinct states in international law, and accordingly accorded both states full diplomatic recognition.
As of , East Germany's official stance was that the GDR was a new state that is German in nature, a successor of the German Empire,  and that there were then two German states that were different nations.
When the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany between Germany and the wartime Allies was signed on 12 September , there was no mention of the term Deutsches Reich , however the Allies paraphrased the international legal personality of Germany as "Germany as a whole" in the English version of the text.
On meeting these conditions under Article 7. Under Article 1 of the Treaty on Final Settlement, the new united Germany committed itself to renouncing any further territorial claims beyond the boundaries of East Germany, West Germany and Berlin; "The united Germany has no territorial claims whatsoever against other states and shall not assert any in the future.
Article 23 of the Basic Law was repealed, closing off the possibility for any further states to apply for membership of the Federal Republic; while Article was amended to state explicitly that the territory of the newly unified republic comprised the entirety of the German people; "This Basic Law, which since the achievement of the unity and freedom of Germany applies to the entire German people, shall cease to apply on the day on which a constitution freely adopted by the German people takes effect".
This was confirmed in the rewording of the preamble; "Germans.. This Basic Law thus applies to the entire German people.
In so far as the German Reich may be claimed to continue in existence as 'Germany as a whole', the former eastern territories of Germany in Poland or Russia, and the western territories, such as the eastern cantons or Elsass-Lothringen, are now definitively and permanently excluded from ever again being united within this Reich under the Basic Law.
Hence, although the GDR had by the Volkskammer's declaration of accession to the Federal Republic, initiated the process of reunification; the act of reunification itself with its many specific terms and conditions; including the fundamental amendments to the Basic Law required by the Treaty of Final Settlement was achieved constitutionally by the subsequent Unification Treaty of 31 August ; that is through a binding agreement between the former GDR and the Federal Republic now recognising each another as separate sovereign states in international law.
Hence, although the GDR had nominally declared its accession the Federal Republic under Article 23 of the Basic Law, this did not imply its acceptance of the Basic Law as it then stood; but rather of the Basic Law as subsequently amended in line with the Unification Treaty and the Treaty of Final Settlement.
One example of that: Rudel was a prominent member of the neo-Nazi German Reich Party from onward. The Third Reich met its nemesis as much here as it had—albeit in far greater numbers—at Stalingrad.
The regime, which was very similar to the German Third Reich , was never put on trial. A victor splintered and embittered, careening into the Third Reich.
Prag Battle, as happens, had already much chilled the ardor of the Reich! Maps were published, beyond the Rhine, showing large portions of Belgium painted in imperial red, like the rest of the Reich.
Reich believed that emotional problems resulted from sexual repression. The Reich has its potentialities, its formulas not quite dead; but is a sad imbroglio.
Lasset die Kindlein zu mir kommen, und wehret ihnen nicht; denn solcher ist das Reich Gottes. Be adamantine, and get after that perfect score!
Origin of Reich 1 —25; Reich 2. Stephen Michael Steve ,born , U.For other uses, see Reich disambiguation. As Paypal PaГџwort Falsch Eingegeben in this example, the term "Bund" Ball Ball Spiel has replaced "Reich" in the names of various state institutions such as the army " Bundeswehr ". Angry Shark Gametist is traditionally used for sovereign entities, generally Bester Online Casino Bonus means "country" or "nation" in the sense of a sovereign state and does not have any special or political connotations. The Allies refused to recognise Karl Dönitz as Reichspräsident or to recognise the legitimacy of his Flensburg Government so-called because it was based at Flensburg and controlled only a small area around the town and, on 5 Junethe four powers signed the Berlin Declaration and assumed de jure supreme authority with respect to Germany. In so far as the German Reich may be claimed to continue in existence as 'Germany as a Reich Гјbersetzung, the former eastern territories Rugby Weltrangliste Germany in Poland or Russia, and the western territories, such as the eastern cantons or Elsass-Lothringen, are now definitively and permanently excluded from Reich Гјbersetzung again being united within this Reich under the Basic Law. This transition became formalised Gta5 Geld the constitution of the Weimar Republic where Article 1 identifies the Reich as deriving its authority from the German national people, while Article Beste Spielothek in Ragglach finden identifies the state territory under the Reich as the lands which, at the time of the constitution's adoption, were within the authority of the German state. It does not imply any particular form of government, but it does imply that the entity is both of a certain Spiele.Net and of a certain standing, like the Scandinavian kingdoms themselves; hence the word might be considered exaggerated for very small states, like a city-state. The constitutional status Gametist the GDR under the Basic Law still differed from that of the Länder of the Federal Republic, in that the GDR had not declared its accession to the Beste Spielothek in Unsleben finden Law; but the Constitutional Court maintained that the Basic Treaty was consistent with the GDR declaring its accession at some time in the future in accordance with its own constitution; and hence the Court determined that in recognising the GDR as a de jure German State, the Basic Treaty could be interpreted as facilitating the reunification of the German Reich as indeed it eventually did. World Facebook HexenkeГџel I. Fakt ist, wer mit Sportwetten reich werden möchte, hat einen langen und steinigen Weg vor sich und darf sich mit Rückschlägen nicht. Millionen. frau sucht mann reich partnervermittlung hannover kostenlos kennenlernen im [url=sddo.site]flirten Гјbersetzung. The killing me Гјbersetzung negotiations had no exact beginning and ending, dem Reich und Schweden zu einem deutschen Verfassungskonventwährend in. single mindedness Гјbersetzung neue leute kennenlernen wolfsburg bremen nicht mehr sddo.site eckstreffen-fuer-frauen-oester reich/. nicht mehr sddo.site eckstreffen-fuer-frauen-oester reich/ chair singlestammtisch heidelberg singlespeed Гјbersetzung bergauf reena.
Example sentences from the Web for reich He thus appointed Strauss to the post of president of the Reich Chamber of Music in History of Friedrich II.
Thomas Carlyle. Belgium Emile Cammaerts. Sacred Hymns from the German Various. Reich 1. Word Origin for Reich German: kingdom.
Reich 2. Reich has thus not been used in official terminology since , though it is still found in the name of the Reichstag building , which since has housed the German federal parliament , the Bundestag.
The decision not to rename the Reichstag building was taken only after long debate in the Bundestag; even then, it is described officially as Reichstag — Sitz des Bundestages Reichstag, seat of the Bundestag.
As seen in this example, the term "Bund" federation has replaced "Reich" in the names of various state institutions such as the army " Bundeswehr ".
The term "Reichstag" also remains in use in the German language as the term for the parliaments of some foreign monarchies, such as Sweden 's Riksdag and Japan 's pre-war Imperial Diet.
The exception is that during the Cold War , the East German railway incongruously continued to use the name Deutsche Reichsbahn German Reich Railways , which had been the name of the national railway during the Weimar Republic and the Nazi era.
Even after German reunification in October , the Reichsbahn continued to exist for over three years as the operator of the railroad in eastern Germany, ending finally on 1 January when the Reichsbahn and the western Deutsche Bundesbahn were merged to form the privatized Deutsche Bahn AG.
The early medieval form of the word, used in the sense "strong", "powerful" or "ruler", appears as an element in many male personal names from the Germanic heroic tradition, such as Richard strong heart  , Dietrich ruler of the people , Heinrich ruler of the home  , or Friedrich guardian of the peace.
The cognate of the word Reich is used in all the Scandinavian languages with the identical meaning, i. It is spelled rike in Swedish and modern Norwegian and rige in Danish and older Norwegian before the spelling reform.
The word is traditionally used for sovereign entities, generally simply means "country" or "nation" in the sense of a sovereign state and does not have any special or political connotations.
It does not imply any particular form of government, but it does imply that the entity is both of a certain size and of a certain standing, like the Scandinavian kingdoms themselves; hence the word might be considered exaggerated for very small states, like a city-state.
Its use as a stand-alone word is more widespread than in contemporary German, but most often it refers to the three Scandinavian states themselves and certain historical empires, like the Roman Empire ; the standard word for a "country" is usually land and there are many other words used to refer to countries.
Two regions in Norway that were petty kingdoms before the unification of Norway around AD have retained the word in the names see Ringerike and Romerike.
The word is also used in "Svea rike", with the current spelling Sverige, the name of Sweden in Swedish. Thus in the official name of Sweden, Konunga riket Sve rige , the word rike appears twice.
The derived prefix "riks-" Swedish and Norwegian and "rigs-" Danish and pre Norwegian implies nationwide or under central jurisdiction.
Examples include riksväg and riksvei , names for a national road in Swedish and Norwegian. It is also present in the names of numerous institutions in all the Scandinavian countries, such as Sveriges Riksbank commonly known as just Riksbanken , the central bank of Sweden, and Riksrevisionen , the agency responsible for oversight of the state finances in Sweden.
It is also used in words such as utrikes Swedish , utenriks Norwegian and udenrigs Danish , relating to foreign countries and other things from abroad.
The Lord's Prayer uses the word in the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish versions: Tillkomme ditt rike , Komme ditt rike , Komme dit rige 'Thy kingdom come' — old versions.
In a political sense in the Netherlands and Belgium the word rijk often connotes a connection with the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Belgium as opposed to the European part of the country or as opposed to provincial or municipal governments; the ministerraad is the executive body of the Netherlands ' government and the rijksministerraad that of the Kingdom of the Netherlands , a similar distinction is found in wetten laws versus rijkswetten kingdom laws , or the now-abolished rijkswacht for gendarmerie in Belgium.
The word rijk can also be found in institutions like Rijkswaterstaat , Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu , and Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
In colloquial speech Rijk usually means working for the central government rather than the provincial or municipal, much like e. Americans refer to the "federal" government.
In Afrikaans, ryk refers to rulership and area of governance mostly a kingdom , but in a modern sense the term is used in a much more figurative sense e.
Die Hemelse Ryk the heavenly kingdom, China , as the sphere under one's control or influence, such as:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
German word for "realm" or "empire". This article is about the German word. For other uses, see Reich disambiguation. See why. April Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.
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Antonym arm. Synonym wohlhabend. Synonym üppig.After Euromilhoes Online War IIthe denotation "German Reich " quickly fell into disuse in Allied-occupied Germanyhowever, Schokoladennamen the state's continued existence remained a matter of debate; the post-war Bonn Republic maintained the continued Reich Гјbersetzung of the German Reich as an 'overall state", but dormant while East and West Germany continued to be divided. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Free word lists and quizzes from Cambridge. When the Treaty on the Final Gametist with Respect to Germany between Germany and the wartime Allies was signed on 12 Septemberthere was no mention of the term Deutsches Reichhowever the Allies paraphrased the international legal personality of Germany as "Germany as a whole" in the English version of the text. Archived from the original on 16 October